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What Is a Lathe?

Опубликован в 04. 08, 2021

If you're considering lathe work and want to learn more about what this tool is used for, then you've come to the right place. Here are some lathe basics to help you understand what it is, how it works and why it's useful for your next project.

1. What is a lathe?

A lathe is a machining tool used primarily to form metal or wood. It works by rotating the workpiece around a fixed cutting tool. The main purpose is to remove unwanted parts of the material, leaving the workpiece in good shape.

People have used lathes to make parts for other machinery, as well as specialty items like bowls and musical instruments. Whatever the type and function, they all operate using this basic holding and rotating mechanism.

Our Metal Spinning Lathe Machine can be used with aluminum, brass, copper and stainless steel to produce reflectors for commercial and domestic lighting using high-quality moulding and metal spinning processes.

2. Parts of a Lathe

The main parts of a lathe are the bed, headstock, tailstock, spindles, toolrest, and motor. Here's how it works:

The Bed Holds It All Together

All parts of the lathe are attached to the bed. This forms the base of the lathe and is one of the factors that determine the size of the piece. That is, the distance from the main spindle to the bed will tell you the maximum diameter limit.

Proper Orientation

The headstock should be on the left, and the tailstock should be on the right. If you're seeing the opposite, check and make sure you're not standing on the wrong side of the lathe.

The headstock is where the main action happens. This is where the power of the motor is applied to the workpiece. Part of its purpose it to hold the main spindle, so you should see this spindle here as well.

The motor can be found on the underside of the lathe bed, on the left near the headstock. It is often some type of electric motor, but a lathe can have a hydraulic motor as well.


Adjustable Parts

You can adjust the toolrest for height and rotation, but for safety reasons, you should only do this when the machine is off. Once you loosen it to adjust, double-check to make sure it's tightened again before continuing.

The tailstock is also adjustable, and you'll likely be able to remove it entirely. Just like with the toolrest, you should never make these adjustments when the lathe is in operation. There's more on this in the Lathe Safety section of this post.

Attachments and Accessories

The spindles, including the rotating main spindle that holds the workpiece, can be outfitted with different attachments and accessories. To allow for these fittings, the main spindle is often hollow and threaded on the outside.

Some useful attachments for the main spindle include centers, chucks, and faceplates. You can use these to position the workpiece and hold it in place.

3. Who Should Use a Lathe?

Known as the "mother of machining tools," lathes can be used for a variety of purposes. These include shaping, drilling, sanding, knurling, turning, cutting, and deformation. This kind of versatility in a tool is hard to beat, and that's why so many metal- and woodworkers depend on lathes for the basis of their work.

If you need a precision cutting and shaping tool, a lathe might be perfect for your project. Lathes are good for teams that need a versatile piece of equipment capable of doing the work of multiple tools.

Metal Spinning Lathe Machine supplier cherishes responsibility and integrity. Mr Su said that the machine manufacturing industry should not only provide cost-effective machines but also provide high-quality services. You can hand over the problems of spinning to us, and even the company will provide new product designing and processing services to help you save time and money on new product development.

Предыдущий: What Is Metal Spinning Technology?

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